Veriditas By Pranarom

Blending Basics: Top, Middle, and Base Notes

Today we're diving into a fun topic: blending your own fragrance with essential oils! Our very own Melissa Farris is going to teach us some of the basics involved in the art. Ready to make your own signature scent?

"Creating your own fragrance is a playful art. There are no real rules as to which oils blend well together, so feel free to experiment. But only use organic essential oils.

Start by mixing no more than 2 – 5 oils per blend, blending drop by drop. Working in a warm room will enhance the aromatic qualities of the oils.

Most professional fragrances are composed of a balance of top, middle, and base notes. These three categories are based on evaporation rates. Once again, there is no hard and fast rule about which oils belong in which category or how much of each to use…. So it is up to your nose and your intuition. This is the art of blending fragrant oils!

-Top notes (5% to 20% of the blend) – have the fastest evaporation rates. These are sharp, penetrating scents that you notice first when you smell a blend. They include citrus, needle oils, eucalyptuses and mints. In general, top notes are considered stimulating and refreshing.

-Middle notes (50% to 80%) – are soft and have balanced and usually make up the majority of a blend. They include oils like roman chamomile, lavender, geranium, palmarosa, petitgrain, and clary sage. Middle notes are considered harmonizing.

-Base notes (5% to 20%) – having the lowest evaporation rates, base notes are deep and heavy and are used in blends as fixatives. Many are resins, gums or woods and they may be quite viscous (thick). Base notes, which are considered relaxing, include angelica, benzoin, balsams, myrrh, spikenard, patchouli, vetiver, jasmine and ylang ylang.

Be sure to keep detailed notes and label all of your blends so that you can reproduce your successes or adjust blends that do not satisfy you. Keep in mind that essential oils tend to vary from crop to crop, so a reproduction of a blend may differ slightly from your original."

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